Enhancing Coking Tolerance and Stability of SOFC Anodes Using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) of Oxide Thin Films [electronic resource]

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Tác giả:

Ngôn ngữ: eng

Ký hiệu phân loại: 621.844 Applied physics

Thông tin xuất bản: Washington, D.C. : Oak Ridge, Tenn. : United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Fossil Energy ; Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2021

Mô tả vật lý: Medium: ED : , digital, PDF file.

Bộ sưu tập: Metadata

ID: 255988

The overall objective of this project was to use atomic layer deposition (ALD) to add modifiers to the surfaces of conventional Ni-YSZ cermet, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anodes to enhance both their tolerance to hydrocarbon fuels by decreasing their propensity to form coke deposits, and to increase redox stability. Studies of the use of ALD to modify analogous supported metal powder catalysts were also added to the scope of the project in response to our industrial partner, Atrex going out of business. The initial portion of the program focused on designing and building the ALD reactor required for deposition of the oxide modifier films. Studies of the oxide modifier films on the coking tolerance and of redox properties of Ni-cermet anodes were then carried out. These studies demonstrated that while surface oxide modifiers were able to impart some coking resistance this only occurred for a relatively small range of operating conditions (e.g., temperature, steam-to-fuel ratio, etc.) and not at the level that would be required for operating in methane fuel at low steam-to-methane ratios. In light of this observation, we focused on assessing another approach to enhance anode coking resistance which eliminated bulk Ni from the anode. This approach made use of electronically conducting perovskite films to provide electrical conductivity in the anode, while using small amounts of Ni or other metals, such as Pt, deposited using ALD as the anode oxidation catalyst. This approach proved to be quite promising at both imparting coking resistance and redox stability.
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