Bifunctional application of lithium ferrites (Li<sub>5</sub>FeO<sub>4</sub> and LiFeO<sub>2</sub>) during carbon monoxide (CO) oxidation and chemisorption processes. A catalytic, thermogravimetric and theoretical analysis [electronic resource]

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Tác giả:

Ngôn ngữ: eng

Ký hiệu phân loại: 622.33 *Carbonaceous materials

Thông tin xuất bản: Morgantown, W.Va. : Oak Ridge, Tenn. : National Energy Technology Laboratory (U.S.) ; Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2017

Mô tả vật lý: Size: p. 783-791 : , digital, PDF file.

Bộ sưu tập: Metadata

ID: 267766

 The CO oxidation and subsequent CO<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
  chemisorption processes were evaluated using two lithium ferrites, Li<
 sub>
 5<
 /sub>
 FeO<
 sub>
 4<
 /sub>
  and LiFeO<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
 , as possible catalytic and captor materials. The analysis of the bifunctional process was dynamic and isothermally evaluated using catalytic and thermogravimetric techniques, while solid final products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature programmed desorption (TPD). These experiments were performed using a CO-O<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
  mixture or only CO as gas flows. In addition, different ab initio thermodynamic calculations were performed to elucidate the theoretical viability of these processes. Thermogravimetric and catalytic results clearly showed that both lithium ferrites were able to perform the CO oxidation and CO<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
  chemical capture. The efficiency and reaction mechanism varied as a function of the lithium ferrite (Li<
 sub>
 5<
 /sub>
 FeO<
 sub>
 4<
 /sub>
  or LiFeO<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
 ), gas mixture and temperature. As it would be expected, Li<
 sub>
 5<
 /sub>
 FeO<
 sub>
 4<
 /sub>
  sample presented better chemisorption properties than LiFeO<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
 , regardless the gas mixture employed (CO or CO+O<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
 ). Moreover, catalytic tests showed that the reaction process was produced even in the oxygen absence. Here, in such a case, both lithium ferrites released the oxygen necessary for the oxidation process with a consequent iron reduction, as it was observed by XRD. Based on the obtained experimental and theoretical results, reaction mechanisms were proposed for each lithium ferrite into this bifunctional process. Finally, the best catalytic behavior was obtained with the Li<
 sub>
 5<
 /sub>
 FeO<
 sub>
 4<
 /sub>
 -CO-O<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
  system, where high CO conversions (50?75%) were observed between 500?650 �C and T >
  800 �C. Also according to TGA results, this system at T >
  700 �C presented the highest ability for capture the CO<
 sub>
 2<
 /sub>
  previously formed during the CO oxidation process (~45%).
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