Conversion of Domestic US Coal into Exceedingly High-Quality Graphene [electronic resource]

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Ký hiệu phân loại: 621.823 Shafts

Thông tin xuất bản: Washington, D.C. : Oak Ridge, Tenn. : United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Fossil Energy ; Distributed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2022

Mô tả vật lý: Medium: ED : , digital, PDF file.

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ID: 267821

 The Recipient will study how flash Joule heating (FJH) from anthracite coal can afford high value graphene in gram scales in less than 1 second per conversion step. The graphene is termed flash graphene (FG). The process uses no furnace and no solvent or reactive gases, and the yields from anthracite coal are 85-95% with a purity >
 99%. The scaled electrical energy cost is projected at $100 per metric ton. FG can be among the lowest defect graphene ever reported (2D/G = 17:1) and turbostratic by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, meaning that is has little order between the graphene layers, thereby facilitating its dispersion in composites. FG might provide the long-sought method to make graphene in bulk with industrially acceptable economics: inexpensive coal, furnace-free, solvent-free and chemical-free processing, and low-energy input to render it suitable for bulk plastic, metal and even concrete composites.
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